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EFree diamond cell makes Taylor & Francis' top 10 Materials Science papers in 2013

A paper*, authored by EFree's Carnegie investigators R. Boehler and M. Guthrie, Carnegie's S. Sinogeikin and collaborators at Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), reports new conical designs for the diamond anvil cell (DAC). These designs permit far larger samples than previously and have so far reached pressures up to 94 GPa. They have been used successfully at ORNL to conduct neutron diffraction under extremes of pressure some 5 times greater than previously.

Superconductivity and magnetism in iron-based compounds

EFree partners at the University of Texas at Austin, and collaborators at the Chinese Academy of Sciences and HPCAT published a paper in Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. reporting their new findings on the magnetic and structural transitions in iron-based BaFe2As2 superconductor at extreme environments.
Superconductivity and magnetism have been considered to be in competition with each other.

Pressure-induced amorphization in single-crystal Ta2O5 nanowires

Amorphous functional nanomaterials have drawn a lot of attention due to their unusual physical properties and numerous important applications. Pressure-induced amorphization (PIA) is considered a potential way to synthesize new amorphous materials with novel properties. To date, few studies have reported the improved properties of materials after PIA and a wide spectrum of opinions on the PIA mechanism still prevails.

Networks of iron percolated, grows Earth’s core

The finding of researchers at Stanford University from experiments which recreated the varying extreme conditions of pressure and temperature within the early Earth supports the theory expounded nearly a century ago that the earth was formed in million-year stages. Within the Earth, the rocks and iron-rich materials melted from the heat of radioactive decay of certain isotopes.

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DOE News

The Department of Energy issued its first Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR), dated September 2011.

The Office of Science's Basic Energy Research held a Basic Research Needs (BRN) workshop series started in 2002 which main purpose is help provide solutions for the pressing energy challenges of the 21st century. Topics include hydrogen economy, solar energy utilization, superconductivity, solid-state lighting, advanced nuclear energy systems, combustion of 21st century fuels, electric energy storage, and geosciences: scientific challenges for measurement, monitoring and verification. In addition, other BES-sponsored workshop reports that address the status of some important research areas are important reading materials.  

Five grand challenges for basic energy research are subject of the 2007 report, "Directing Matter and Energy: Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination." 

The www.energyfrontier.us website used for the Science for Our Nation’s Energy EFRC Summit & Forum will continue as an EFRC Community website.  On it are a  number of resources that will be of interest to EFRC members and the extended energy science community, including:

·         Slides and videos of plenary talks delivered at the EFRC Summit & Forum including Secretary Chu’s and Pat Dehmer’s presentations (http://www.energyfrontier.us/content/agenda).

·         Photo gallery from the EFRC Summit & Forum (http://www.energyfrontier.us/photo-gallery and http://www.energyfrontier.us/content/photo-gallery-efrc-video-contest).

·         The full schedule and electronic abstract book for the technical talks and posters (top of page, http://www.energyfrontier.us/content/agenda).

·         EFRC videos submitted to the Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research video contest (http://www.energyfrontier.us/video-contest).

·         Current and future editions of the EFRC NewsletterFrontiers in Energy Research (http://www.energyfrontier.us/newsletter).

The "Science for Our Nation’s Energy Future", a DOE summit and forum, was held on May 25-27, 2011. It highlighted early successes of the Department of Energy's Office of Science Energy Frontier Research Centers and sought to promote collaboration across the national energy enterprise.

For more information on the DOEBasic Energy Sciences Division and the Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC), please use these links.

News releases from BES • FY2011 funding request is $40M more to be available for additional EFRCs in the areas of discovery and development of new materials and basic research on energy needs. •Highlights • EFRC publications