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Buckminsterfullerene (C60) transforms to superhard ordered clusters

buckeyminsterdfullereneWashington, D.C., 16 August 2012 — Carnegie’s Lin Wang lead a team of scientists in experiments with "buckeyball" C60 fullerene and xylene as solvent. Structurally unique amorphous material made up of clusters of ordered amorphous carbon (OACC), with long-range periodicity but locally disordered, was formed. This is the first hybridized carbon structure ever seen that is part amorphous and part crystalline.

HPSynC builds gas loading and portable Raman systems at APS

A remotely controlled gas loading system has been built and tested at the HPSynC sample preparation lab. It is available for loading hydrogen, helium or neon (other gases are possible by special arrangement). The gear boxes are made for symmetrical and panoramic cells.

EFree researchers gain fundamental insight into the role of H-bonds in ammonia

Most ammonia is used for fertilizers, but it has also been proposed as a potential carbon-free fuel source. Characterizing structure, in particular in the liquid state, reveals the role of intermolecular bonds in dictating macroscopic properties.

Pressure suppression of the high-spin state in T’-La4Ni3O8 triple-layer structure

Crystal structures of the Ruddlesden-popper phase La4Ni3O8, T’ phase and T+ phase of La4Ni3O8T’-La4Ni3O8 , a T’-type nickelate compound with mixed-valence Ni1+/Ni2+ ions--the analog of the high-Tc cuprates with mixed-valence Cu2+/Cu3+--has attracted much interest.

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DOE News

The Department of Energy issued its first Quadrennial Technology Review (QTR), dated September 2011.

The Office of Science's Basic Energy Research held a Basic Research Needs (BRN) workshop series started in 2002 which main purpose is help provide solutions for the pressing energy challenges of the 21st century. Topics include hydrogen economy, solar energy utilization, superconductivity, solid-state lighting, advanced nuclear energy systems, combustion of 21st century fuels, electric energy storage, and geosciences: scientific challenges for measurement, monitoring and verification. In addition, other BES-sponsored workshop reports that address the status of some important research areas are important reading materials.  

Five grand challenges for basic energy research are subject of the 2007 report, "Directing Matter and Energy: Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination." 

The www.energyfrontier.us website used for the Science for Our Nation’s Energy EFRC Summit & Forum will continue as an EFRC Community website.  On it are a  number of resources that will be of interest to EFRC members and the extended energy science community, including:

·         Slides and videos of plenary talks delivered at the EFRC Summit & Forum including Secretary Chu’s and Pat Dehmer’s presentations (http://www.energyfrontier.us/content/agenda).

·         Photo gallery from the EFRC Summit & Forum (http://www.energyfrontier.us/photo-gallery and http://www.energyfrontier.us/content/photo-gallery-efrc-video-contest).

·         The full schedule and electronic abstract book for the technical talks and posters (top of page, http://www.energyfrontier.us/content/agenda).

·         EFRC videos submitted to the Life at the Frontiers of Energy Research video contest (http://www.energyfrontier.us/video-contest).

·         Current and future editions of the EFRC NewsletterFrontiers in Energy Research (http://www.energyfrontier.us/newsletter).

The "Science for Our Nation’s Energy Future", a DOE summit and forum, was held on May 25-27, 2011. It highlighted early successes of the Department of Energy's Office of Science Energy Frontier Research Centers and sought to promote collaboration across the national energy enterprise.

For more information on the DOEBasic Energy Sciences Division and the Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC), please use these links.

News releases from BES • FY2011 funding request is $40M more to be available for additional EFRCs in the areas of discovery and development of new materials and basic research on energy needs. •Highlights • EFRC publications